We are taught that the world is a top-down place. Generals win battles; politicians run countries; scientists discover truths; inventors make breakthroughs; and Goldman Sachs rules the world.

But is this really the case?

Matt Ridley, in his provocative new book ‘The Evolution of Everything’ argues that it is bottom-up trends that shape the world. The growth of Internet, the eradication of diseases, the quadrupling of farm yields are examples of powerful emergent evolutionary phenomena that have no single, director, designer or diviner.



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