Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency 2018-04-19T09:13:23+00:00

Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency

“Progress in medicine, global access to information and a global age pyramid that is already turning upside-down will increase the demand for good health care. This in turn will increase life expectancy and drive innovation. This re-enforcing circle will change societies’ views on health care. Whereas today it is seen as a cost that needs to be controlled — which slows down progress — it might become the global driving force of innovation and humanity, replacing other areas of public investment focus.”

Harald Stock, President & CEO, ArjoHuntleigh

Introduction

We are very fortunate indeed to be living at a time where the speed of advances in medical technologies is such that we can expect to live increasingly healthier and longer lives; far beyond what would ever have been imagined as possible only a century ago. However, in contrast to our natural inalienable human rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, our equally important right to good health (and by extension good health care), which is critical for all of us, is unfortunately either in disarray, dysfunctional, or completely neglected on a global scale.

The State of Health Care Today

A news item released on December 2017, by the World Health Organization (WHO) entitled: “World Bank and WHO: Half the world lacks access to essential health services, 100 million still pushed into extreme poverty because of health expenses”, reported that “800 million people spend at least 10 percent of their household budgets on health expenses for themselves, a sick child or other family member. For almost 100 million people these expenses are high enough to push them into extreme poverty, forcing them to survive on just $1.90 or less a day.” A 2017 report authored by Dr. Margaret Chan (Director-General, WHO) stated that “Nearly 2 billion people have no access to basic medicines, causing a cascade of preventable misery and suffering.” The current state of affairs in the developed world for those who are fortunate enough to have access to medical care, in some cases includes the burden of $1000 per dose, and from $100,000 to $1.21 million per year in individual drug expenditures alone.

What is Global Health Care Equivalency (GHCE)?

Looking ahead over the next 10-30 years, with the rapid emergence of, and synergies between, the disciplines of nanotechnology, nanomedicine, and AI, we can envisage a future world where any individual on the planet has access to the same advanced and cost effective nanomedical diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, no matter how wealthy or impoverished they are, no matter where they happen to reside, or under what conditions they live. Progress toward this goal will be incremental, with each successive wave of nanomedical technologies being more advanced than the previous wave. The tipping point will arrive with the emergence of Molecular Manufacturing (MM), http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/boehm20160115, which will make possible the cost effective fabrication of the classes of advanced autonomous nanomedical devices that Boehm describes in his first book: Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions. A situation may then well arise where the entire human population will finally come to realize the inalienable human right of optimal health for life through the establishment of a worldwide health care system under the moniker: “Global Health Care Equivalency” (GHCE). The details and vision for GHCE will be articulated in an upcoming book: Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency that is currently being generated by the originator of this concept (Frank Boehm – CEO of NanoApps Medical Incorporated) in collaboration with numerous thought leading authors.

 

Perceived Benefits of GHCE

The attainment of GHCE might serve to significantly reduce the perception of individuals in the developing world of being marginalized, at least in terms of health care, which may ultimately translate to conflict reduction. In the developed world, GHCE would serve to dramatically reduce health care expenditures across the board. Progress toward this goal will be incremental, with each successive wave of nanomedical technologies being more advanced than the previous wave. The tipping point will arrive with the emergence of Molecular Manufacturing (MM), http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/boehm20160115, which will make possible the cost effective fabrication of the types of advanced autonomous nanomedical devices that Boehm describes in his first book: Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions.

It is worth noting here that all nations on a global scale stand to benefit immensely when their citizens are healthy, as they would save hundreds of millions, if not billions of dollars in health-related expenditures, not to mention lost work hours and overall productivity, due to illness and its associated incapacities.

The core essence of GHCE is aptly conveyed in the thought below:

“In a world facing considerable uncertainty, international health development is a unifying – and uplifting – force for the good of humanity.”
Dr Chan, WHO Director-General

What is Molecular Manufacturing (MM)

The first mention of the possibility of MM emerged through the words of Dr. Richard Feynman in 1959, via his famous talk, “Plenty of Room at the Bottom”, where he spoke of the possibility of the controlled manipulation of matter at the atomic level. Dr. Eric Drexler described the remarkable capabilities that he envisioned for a conceptual molecular assembler in his 1986 book, Engines of Creation. In 2003, Chris Phoenix generated a paper that articulated the Design of a Primitive Nanofactory. Dr. Robert Freitas Jr. et al., have extensively investigated Diamond MechanoSynthesis and personalized Nanofactories from 2002 to the present.

Once MM is developed, it will have the capacity to fabricate just about any consumer item or food, as well as advanced autonomous nanomedical robots from elemental atoms and molecules, guided by AI-driven specifications. By virtue of these fundamental feed stocks, it will likely become very cost effective to fabricate (physician prescribed) nanomedical devices to address virtually any condition that ails us, in one’s own home, via Factory@Home (F@H) units, which might be manifest as countertop microwave-sized appliances that are extensively distributed worldwide. Concurrently, home based atomic and molecular “disassembly” units would be able to completely recycle, sort, and repackage practically any type of material according to its specific atomic and molecular species, which could again be used to supply the F@H units for fabrication.

Awaking the Dream

Although the attainment of GHCE would indeed be a truly extraordinary achievement, we must keenly recognize that in reality, such a massive undertaking on a global scale will require intense and sustained high spirited collaboration between like minded individuals who have widely varied backgrounds within diverse areas of expertise. Highly specialized laboratories, dynamic administrative institutions, regulatory bodies, and government agencies worldwide will also be vital prerequisites for its realization, as will significant resources and time. We are all amazing individuals, each with our own unique talents and expertise that might contribute and be applied to this noble enterprise. Our working together might culminate in a positive critical mass on a global scale toward the actual realization of GHCE, which would ultimately be of benefit for each and every one of us, as we are finally “all” supported in our natural human right of optimal health for life.

News

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European Commission publishes its €94.1B Horizon Europe proposal

June 10th, 2018|0 Comments

EU Research Commissioner Carlos Moedas sent the European Parliament and member states a €94.1 billion research budget proposal on Thursday outlining increases in basic science spending and a blueprint for a new innovation council [...]

Cell-like nanorobots clear bacteria and toxins from blood

June 9th, 2018|0 Comments

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed tiny ultrasound-powered robots that can swim through blood, removing harmful bacteria along with the toxins they produce. These proof-of-concept nanorobots could one day offer [...]

Single molecular insulator pushes boundaries of current state of the art

June 8th, 2018|0 Comments

Ever shrinking transistors are the key to faster and more efficient computer processing. Since the 1970s, advancements in electronics have largely been driven by the steady pace with which these tiny components have grown [...]

New Nanoparticles Used to Detect Excessive Scarring of Wounds

June 6th, 2018|0 Comments

Clinicians presently find it hard to predict how scars will form after surgery or after a burn wound, without using invasive testing. The research team used new nanoparticles in animals and human skin samples [...]

AI-Based Technique Could Accelerate Creation of Specialized Nanoparticles

June 5th, 2018|0 Comments

MIT physicists have developed a new method that could someday provide a way to customize multilayered nanoparticles with preferred properties, potentially for use in cloaking systems, displays, or biomedical devices. It may also help [...]

Mechanotargeting of cancer cells

June 5th, 2018|0 Comments

Diseased cells such as metastatic cancer cells have markedly different mechanical properties that can be used to improve targeted drug uptake, according to a team of researchers at Penn State. Many labs around the [...]

Cell-like nanorobots clear bacteria and toxins from blood

June 4th, 2018|0 Comments

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed tiny ultrasound-powered robots that can swim through blood, removing harmful bacteria along with the toxins they produce. These proof-of-concept nanorobots could one day [...]

Frank Boehm (CEO NanoAppsMedical Inc.) interview on 21st Century Radio

June 2nd, 2018|0 Comments

Dr. Bob Hieronimus hosted an in depth two-hour long interview with NanoApps Medical CEO Frank Boehm, who initially discussed his first book, and his three new books in progress. Among the topics of discussion [...]

Blockchain and business: Looking beyond the hype

June 2nd, 2018|0 Comments

The term blockchain can elicit reactions ranging from a blank stare (from the majority of the general public) to evangelical fervour (from over-enthusiastic early adopters). But most people who know a bit about the [...]

Scientists taught an AI system to diagnose brain cancer

May 30th, 2018|0 Comments

Sure, artificial intelligence might end up being the downfall of humanity as we know it — that is, if Elon Musk’s fears come to fruition — but for the time being it’s actually quite [...]

Water is not the same as water

May 29th, 2018|0 Comments

Water molecules exist in two different forms with almost identical physical properties. For the first time, researchers have succeeded in separating the two forms to show that they can exhibit different chemical reactivities. These [...]

The NanoApps Medical Inc. website is GDPR compliant

May 26th, 2018|0 Comments

This site (www.nanoappsmedical.com) is now GDPR compliant and addressing the requirements of The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (EU) 2016/679. This is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy for [...]

Scientists crack code to cheap, small carbon nanotubes

May 26th, 2018|0 Comments

Imagine a box you plug into the wall that cleans your toxic air and pays you cash. That’s essentially what Vanderbilt University researchers produced after discovering the blueprint for turning the carbon dioxide [...]

World’s smallest house made using nanotechnology

May 25th, 2018|0 Comments

Scientists have assembled the world’s smallest house by using a combination of robotics and nanotechnology. The micro-house even has a door that a house mite can fit through. The house has been devised, according [...]

Quantum dot technique can track drug and gene delivery to cells

May 23rd, 2018|0 Comments

With targeted drug and gene therapies, finding the target cells is only half the battle. Once these agents reach a cell’s surface, they still have to get inside and do their job. University of [...]

New nano building block takes a bow

May 22nd, 2018|0 Comments

Boron nitride nanotubes are primed to become effective building blocks for next-generation composite and polymer materials based on a new discovery at Rice University – and a previous one. Scientists at known-for-nano [...]

World Leaders Have Decided: The Next Step in AI is Augmenting Humans

May 21st, 2018|0 Comments

Think that human augmentation is still decades away? Think again. This week, government leaders met with experts and innovators ahead of the World Government Summit in Dubai. Their goal? To determine the future of artificial [...]

Diamond ‘spin-off’ tech could lead to low-cost medical imaging and drug discovery tools

May 20th, 2018|0 Comments

It may sound contradictory, but diamonds are the key to a new technique that could provide a very-low-cost alternative to multimillion-dollar medical imaging and drug-discovery devices. An international team led by scientists at the [...]

Blockchain: The Future of Rewarding Creativity

May 19th, 2018|0 Comments

Geography was once the biggest hurdle to sharing talent, knowledge and creativity. In the connected world, borderless communities form quickly and innovate when people with shared interests, even in niche subjects, have a platform [...]

UNF-MSERF Houses State-of-the-Art TESCAN Biological Microscope for Cancer-Fighting Research

May 18th, 2018|0 Comments

The University of North Florida Materials Science and Engineering Research Facility (MSERF) has partnered with TESCAN, a leading manufacturer of electron and light microscopes, in the installation of one of its new Q-Phase microscopes, [...]

Acoustofluidics separates circulating tumour cells

May 16th, 2018|0 Comments

Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are cancer cells that escape from primary tumour sites and enter the bloodstream. This metastasis is responsible for the majority of deaths from cancer. Monitoring the level of CTC levels [...]

Targeting cancer cells with sugars

May 15th, 2018|0 Comments

Globally, cancer is the second leading cause of death, also because the efficiency of chemotherapeutics is inadequate due to poor delivery to the tumor. NIM scientist Prof Olivia Merkel and her team develop targeted [...]

Tumor-like spheres help scientists discover smarter cancer drugs

May 14th, 2018|0 Comments

Cancer is a disease often driven by mutations in genes. As researchers learn more about these genes, and the proteins they code for, they are seeking smarter drugs to target them. The ultimate goal [...]

New Two-Photon Technique Could Considerably Improve Precision of Nanoscale Measurements

May 13th, 2018|0 Comments

The University of Warwick and QuantIC researchers at Heriot Watt University and the University of Glasgow performed a study in optical sensing, which could considerably enhance the precision of measuring nanoscopic structures. QuantIC is [...]

Shoebox-Sized Lab Can Diagnose Infectious Diseases from a Drop of Blood

May 12th, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers from the University of Toronto have created a shoebox-sized laboratory that can do blood testing in remote, low-resource settings, quickly determining from a drop of blood whether a person has antibodies to specific [...]

Vivid animation shows history of token sales (Initial Coin Offerings), from the early days of 2014 to their meteoric rise

May 9th, 2018|0 Comments

Many startups in the nanotechnology/ nanomedicine fields are taking the ICO route over the traditional venture capital path because of the low barriers to entry. The explosion of ICOs [...]

35 Amazing Real World Examples Of How Blockchain Is Changing Our World

May 8th, 2018|0 Comments

From an article by Bernard Marr, Contributor at Forbes.com: It's quickly becoming apparent that blockchain technology is about far more than just Bitcoin. Across finance, healthcare, media, government and other sectors, innovative uses are appearing [...]

New sensors monitor brain activity and blood flow deeper in the brain

May 8th, 2018|0 Comments

Calcium ions are ubiquitous signalling molecules in all multicellular organisms, where they mediate diverse aspects of intracellular and extracellular communication over widely varying temporal and spatial scales. Though techniques to map calcium-related activity at [...]

A new point-of-need nanodiagnostic for better healthcare

May 7th, 2018|0 Comments

The Nano4 project takes fast, reliable and low-cost molecular point of care (POC) diagnostic tools down to the nano-scale, offering better healthcare outcomes for patients. Medics working in migratory hotspots, in countries with low [...]

Deadly nanoparcel for cancer cells

May 6th, 2018|0 Comments

Most tumors contain regions of low oxygen concentration where cancer therapies based on the action of reactive oxygen species are ineffective. Now, American scientists have developed a hybrid nanomaterial that releases a free-radical-generating prodrug [...]

The 40 Most Exciting Questions in Digital Health

May 4th, 2018|0 Comments

According to Plato and Aristotle, philosophy begins in wonder. You start to question the shape of the clouds or why the ants are working in hives, the next thing you know you already contemplate [...]

Course set to overcome mismatch between lab-designed nanomaterials and nature’s complexity

April 29th, 2018|0 Comments

Cells and the machinery they encase are soft matter - shape-shifting multicomponent systems with an overwhelming richness of forms. But, these squishy packages are hard targets for potential therapeutic and diagnostic applications that exploit [...]

Enhancing light-molecule interactions via crystal lattice vibrations

April 28th, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers from CIC-nanoGUNE (San Sebastián, Spain), in collaboration with the Donostia International Physics Center (San Sebastián, Spain), Materials Physics Center (CFM, CSIC-UPV/EHU, San Sebastián, Spain) and University of Oviedo demonstrate a new way to [...]

Einstein’s ‘spooky action’ goes massive

April 26th, 2018|0 Comments

Perhaps the strangest prediction of quantum theory is entanglement, a phenomenon whereby two distant objects become intertwined in a manner that defies both classical physics and a “common-sense” understanding of reality. In 1935, Albert [...]

Lighting up DNA-based nanostructures

April 24th, 2018|0 Comments

The term ‘DNA origami’ refers to a method for the design and self-assembly of complex molecular structures with nanometer precision. The technique exploits the base-pairing interactions between single-stranded DNA molecules of known [...]

How Are Nanoparticles Used in SERS?

April 23rd, 2018|0 Comments

Introduction Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) uses both roughened metal surfaces and nanoparticles in colloidal solutions to enhance the Raman signal. Recent research has also had a focus on zinc oxide nanostructures. Nanoparticles are more [...]

New Nanoscale Transistor May Pave Way for High-Performance Wearable Smart Tech

April 22nd, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers at The University of Manchester and Shandong University in China have developed a nanoscale transistor that will be one step closer to enabling the creation of flexible televisions, phones, and tablets as well [...]

Is Nanotechnology found in food?

April 21st, 2018|0 Comments

Recently, applications of nanotechnology are in the lime light in all the sectors including food and nutrition. Food nanotechnology is becoming new frontiers of this century. The applications of nanotechnology in food and agriculture [...]

Man-made antibodies show promise in attacking cancer cells in animal models

April 20th, 2018|0 Comments

Using chemotherapy along with aptamers – lab-made molecules that function like antibodies — researchers have shown that they can zero in on and kill prostate cancer tumours in mice while leaving healthy tissue unscathed. [...]