A new theory in neuroscience suggests consciousness is an intrinsic property of everything, just like gravity.
The theory, called Integrated Information Theory, states that consciousness appears in physical systems that contain many different and highly interconnected pieces of information. Based on that hypothesis, consciousness can be measured as a theoretical quantity, which the researchers call phi.
The theory treats consciousness as an intrinsic, fundamental property of reality.
Buddhists have a similar belief in what we in the West call ‘panpsychism’ — the belief that consciousness is everywhere and that we have to reduce the suffering of all conscious creatures.
The idea of universal consciousness, is a prominent thought in Buddhism. And it has been largely dismissed by modern science — until recently.