Anti-reflective coating is applied to most lenses, eyeglass lenses, lasers, and objectives, however this coating only functions optimally within a narrow wavelength range.
A research team at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart has developed an alternative technology by manipulating the surface instead of coating it. In comparison to conventional processes, this offers the preferred anti-reflective effect across a broader wavelength range.
In addition to this it enhances the light transmittance through surfaces. It is possible that the nanostructured surfaces may optimize touchscreens, high-energy lasers, and the output of solar modules in the future.
The team borrowed ideas from the design book for moth cornea.
C. diff might not originate from external transmission but rather from within the infected patient themselves. Hospital staff dedicate significant effort to safeguard patients from infections during their hospital [...]
Moderna has developed a new and improved version of its COVID-19 vaccine. The unique formulation (mRNA-1283) reduces the vaccine's content from the full-length SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to a narrowly [...]
Breast cancer in its various forms affects more than 250,000 Americans a year. One particularly aggressive and hard-to-treat type is triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which lacks specific receptors targeted [...]
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have created a process that can upcycle most plastics into chemical ingredients useful for energy storage, using light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and [...]
Scientists from ETH Zurich and the University of Geneva have developed a new technique that allows them to observe chemical reactions taking place in liquids at extremely high temporal resolution. This innovation enables [...]
Research published recently suggests that Pfizer’s erectile dysfunction drug Viagra can decrease the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease by up to 69 percent. The research, which was published in Nature, [...]
Cancer biomarkers circulating in body fluids can be used for diagnosis and treatment monitoring. However, current detection technology lacks the required sensitivity, limiting biomarker use in clinical applications. Colorectal [...]
The findings could lead to a cure for LAM. Researchers from the University of Cincinnati may have identified a potential treatment for lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a rare lung condition resembling cancer found [...]
A recent study reveals oscillations in the refractive index that are faster than can be explained by current theories. A study recently published in the journal Nanophotonics reveals that by rapidly [...]
Researchers from Stanford Medicine have discovered that cancer cells-to-be accumulate a series of specific genetic changes in a predictable and sequential way years before they are identifiable as pre-malignancies. Many of [...]
A novel antibiotic named Clovibactin, extracted from previously uncultivable bacteria, has been found effective against harmful bacteria, including multi-resistant “superbugs”. Clovibactin’s unique mechanism of targeting multiple essential precursor [...]
Nanofitins, which are derived from a protein found in Sulfolobus acidocaldarius—an archaeal microorganism found in hot springs—successfully neutralized SARS-CoV-2 in mice and were well-tolerated. When inhaled by the rodents, [...]
New research reveals that functional connectivity can distinguish between various disease subtypes. Not only is major depressive disorder (MDD) one of the most prevalent mental health conditions, affecting more [...]
A recent study from Yale indicates that additional chromosomes in cancer cells are essential for the growth of tumors. Removing these extra chromosomes inhibits tumor formation. The findings, said the researchers, [...]
An MD Anderson study provides a deeper understanding of the progression of gastric cancer and highlights a potential therapeutic target. A recent study conducted by scientists at The University of [...]
The findings could potentially improve the success rate of cancer drug development. Approximately 90% of drugs don’t reach the market, highlighting the clear need for increased efficiency in drug [...]
The World Health Organization (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are tracking and studying a highly mutated new variant of the virus that causes COVID-19. Officially titled BA.2.86 and nicknamed Pirola [...]
Clinical studies reveal extended survival in diffuse midline glioma patients receiving ONC201 treatment; research also explains the underlying mechanism of the drug’s success. For the first time, a potential [...]
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found that the virus responsible for chikungunya fever can spread directly from cell to cell—perhaps solving the longstanding mystery of how the virus, [...]
Two molecular languages at the origin of life have been successfully recreated and mathematically validated, thanks to pioneering work by Canadian scientists at Université de Montréal. Living organisms are [...]
Using machine learning to improve living. A groundbreaking machine-learning study has revealed the optimal drug combinations to prevent the recurrence of COVID-19 after initial infection. Interestingly, the ideal combination differs among [...]
A team of bioengineers and biomedical scientists from the University of Sydney and the Children's Medical Research Institute (CMRI) at Westmead have used 3D photolithographic printing to create a [...]
Microorganisms leverage the CRISPR-Cas system as a defense mechanism against viral intrusions. In the realm of genetic engineering, this microbial immune system is repurposed for the targeted modification of [...]
In efforts to tackle the leading cause of blindness in developed countries, researchers have recruited nanotechnology to help regrow retinal cells. Macular degeneration is a form of central vision [...]
A vaccine that targets inflamed brain cells associated with Alzheimer’s disease could possibly modify or prevent the disease, according to preliminary research. A novel vaccine that targets a protein involved in [...]
Excessive activation of inflammasomes is associated with various diseases, including gout, Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis, and type 2 diabetes. Given the pivotal role of macrophages in both inflammasome activation and [...]
Summary: Long-term COVID-19 symptoms, including brain fog, can significantly impair mental processes. Over 3,000 participants underwent two rounds of online cognitive testing, focusing on memory, attention, reasoning, processing speed, and [...]
LONDON, UK, July 17, 2023/EINPresswire.com/ -- Lion Alternative Energy and The Department of Cardiac Surgery at the University Hospital Zurich in Switzerland announce the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding to explore opportunities [...]
Griffith University researchers have played a key role in using DNA "origami" templates to control the way viruses are assembled. The global team behind the research, titled "DNA-origami-directed virus [...]
A recent study conducted at the Montefiore Einstein Cancer Center has demonstrated that a low-cost antibacterial treatment regimen can prevent acute radiation dermatitis. Acute radiation dermatitis (ARD), is a [...]
A recent study in Israel used brain scans to explore the differences in empathy between political liberals and conservatives. The researchers found that when imagining other people suffering, liberals [...]
MIT researchers develop “FrameDiff,” a computational tool that uses generative AI to craft new protein structures, with the aim of accelerating drug development and improving gene therapy. MIT’s CSAIL researchers [...]
Artificial intelligence can predict on- and off-target activity of CRISPR tools that target RNA instead of DNA, according to new research published in Nature Biotechnology. The study by researchers at [...]
Artificial intelligence facilitates the visualization of neural connections in the brains of mice. Scientists from Johns Hopkins have leveraged artificial intelligence to create a technique that allows for the [...]
New research indicates that cannabis may alleviate “chemo brain.” New research from the University of Colorado Boulder reveals that cancer patients employing cannabis to manage their symptoms not only experience reduced [...]
Florida State University scientists have developed a mathematical model, explaining the growth, pattern formation, and self-healing properties of chemical gardens. These insights could lead to the development of self-repairing materials. [...]
Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence model, TIGER, that predicts the on- and off-target activity of RNA-targeting CRISPR tools. This innovation, detailed in a study published in Nature Biotechnology, can [...]
Alzheimer’s disease, an irreversible form of dementia, is considered the world’s most common neurodegenerative disease. The prime risk factor for Alzheimer’s is age, although it remains unclear why. It is known [...]
Incorporating a personalized mRNA vaccine, designed to match an individual’s tumor genetics, into standard immunotherapy substantially boosts survival rates and reduces the recurrence of high-risk skin cancers in patients [...]
What determines whether an individual will develop Alzheimer’s disease, and why do many with the disease’s characteristic toxic amyloid accumulations in the brain never exhibit associated dementia symptoms? These perplexing questions [...]
A study, involving the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) researchers, has shown that tranexamic acid (TXA), a drug aimed at tackling serious postpartum bleeding, can be safely administered [...]
Researchers from The University of Queensland have made a dust from baker's yeast that can detect COVID-19 and could safeguard communities against future pandemics. The powdery "nanoprobes" developed at [...]
Brain waves act as carriers of information. A recently proposed “Cytoelectric Coupling” hypothesis suggests that these wavering electric fields contribute to the optimization of the brain network’s efficiency and [...]
Summary: Researchers developed a single-chip device that mimics the human eye’s capacity to capture, process, and store visual data. This groundbreaking innovation, fueled by a thin layer of doped [...]
A new study reveals regulators of genetic activity that are linked to the immune response against COVID-19. Alterations in their expression during the initial stages of infection are associated with [...]
A new study reveals that the SARS-CoV-2 virus infects cells by binding a single virus to a single ACE2 receptor, contrary to previous theories. This was discovered through super-resolution microscopy which also [...]
In a collaboration with Groningen University, Professor Jørgen Kjems and his research group at Aarhus University have achieved a remarkable breakthrough in developing tiny nano-sized pores that can contribute [...]
Researchers have developed coherence maps, a technique to visualize quantum mechanics and understand the mechanisms underpinning photosynthesis. The maps elucidate the complex energy transfer process in photosynthesizing bacteria, providing a [...]
Researchers have discovered viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 can cause brain cells to fuse, initiating malfunctions that lead to chronic neurological symptoms. Scientists at The University of Queensland have discovered viruses such [...]
Researchers from the University of Bern, Inselspital, University Hospital Bern, and the University of Connecticut have made a significant breakthrough in the fight against cancer. They identified a previously [...]
AI algorithms outperformed traditional clinical risk models in a large-scale study, predicting five-year breast cancer risk more accurately. These models use mammograms as the single data source, offering potential [...]
Tiny circles of DNA harbor cancer-associated oncogenes and immunomodulatory genes promoting cancer development. They arise during the transformation from pre-cancer to cancer, say Stanford Medicine-led team. Tiny circles of DNA that [...]
Future clinical trials will be conducted to investigate whether the combination of chloroquine and venetoclax can prevent disease recurrence. Although new drugs have been developed to induce cancer cell [...]
Scientists have deciphered how an activated catalyst breaks down the strong carbon-hydrogen bonds in potent greenhouse gas methane, according to a study published in Science. Using advanced X-ray technology and [...]
Qun Ren, an Empa researcher, and her team are currently developing a diagnostic procedure that can rapidly detect life-threatening blood poisoning caused by staphylococcus bacteria. Staphylococcal sepsis is fatal [...]
University of Queensland researchers have developed a nanoparticle to take a chemotherapy drug into fast growing, aggressive brain tumors. Research team lead Dr. Taskeen Janjua from UQ's School of [...]
A cancer vaccine combining checkpoint blockade therapy and a STING-activating drug eliminates tumors and prevents recurrence in mice. MIT researchers have engineered a therapeutic cancer vaccine that targets the STING [...]
The machine-learning algorithm identified a compound that kills Acinetobacter baumannii, a bacterium that lurks in many hospital settings. Using an artificial intelligence algorithm, researchers at MIT and McMaster University have identified a new [...]
A study published in the Journal of The National Cancer Institute Cancer Spectrum delved into the increasing use of chatbots and artificial intelligence (AI) in providing cancer-related information. The researchers discovered [...]
Summary: In a pioneering study, researchers designed a wireless brain-spine interface enabling a paralyzed man to walk naturally again. The ‘digital bridge’ comprises two electronic implants — one on the [...]
Particles known as extracellular vesicles play a vital role in communication between cells and in many cell functions. Released by cells into their environment, these “membrane particles” consist of [...]
The Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute (ARMI) at Monash University suggests that muscle wasting, known as sarcopenia, may be reversed in late-life The study utilized the African killifish as a model [...]
The most recent version of ChatGPT, an AI chatbot developed for language interpretation and response generation, has successfully passed a radiology board-style exam, demonstrating both its potential and limitations, [...]
University of Missouri researchers designed a prototype of a small, lightweight active ‘metamaterial’ that can control the direction and intensity of energy waves. Professor Guoliang Huang of the University [...]
Vanderbilt researchers are bolstering the fight against cancer with technology that enhances the effectiveness of T cells that attack tumors. The cutting-edge research was recently published in the journal [...]
A recent study conducted by the Universities of Southampton and Oxford reveals a strong correlation between the incidence of long COVID and the level of area-specific deprivation. It found that individuals from the [...]
Molecular modeling suggests structural consequences of an early protein mutation that promoted viral transmission. RIKEN researchers discovered that an early mutation (D614G) in the SARS-CoV-2 virus may have contributed to its rapid [...]
A novel type of protein nanoparticle vaccine formulation containing influenza proteins and adjuvant to boost immune responses has provided complete protection against influenza viral challenges, according to a new [...]
A NIH study on twelve Long COVID patients found differences in immune cell profiles and autonomic dysfunction, contributing to the understanding of the condition and potentially leading to better [...]
University of Minnesota Twin Cities researchers have developed a groundbreaking new diagnostic technique that will allow for faster and more accurate detection of neurodegenerative diseases. The method will likely [...]
MIT engineers have designed a new nanoparticle sensor that could enable early diagnosis of cancer with a simple urine test. The sensors, which can detect many different cancerous proteins, could also [...]
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