Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency 2018-04-19T09:13:23+00:00

Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency

“Progress in medicine, global access to information and a global age pyramid that is already turning upside-down will increase the demand for good health care. This in turn will increase life expectancy and drive innovation. This re-enforcing circle will change societies’ views on health care. Whereas today it is seen as a cost that needs to be controlled — which slows down progress — it might become the global driving force of innovation and humanity, replacing other areas of public investment focus.”

Harald Stock, President & CEO, ArjoHuntleigh

Introduction

We are very fortunate indeed to be living at a time where the speed of advances in medical technologies is such that we can expect to live increasingly healthier and longer lives; far beyond what would ever have been imagined as possible only a century ago. However, in contrast to our natural inalienable human rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, our equally important right to good health (and by extension good health care), which is critical for all of us, is unfortunately either in disarray, dysfunctional, or completely neglected on a global scale.

The State of Health Care Today

A news item released on December 2017, by the World Health Organization (WHO) entitled: “World Bank and WHO: Half the world lacks access to essential health services, 100 million still pushed into extreme poverty because of health expenses”, reported that “800 million people spend at least 10 percent of their household budgets on health expenses for themselves, a sick child or other family member. For almost 100 million people these expenses are high enough to push them into extreme poverty, forcing them to survive on just $1.90 or less a day.” A 2017 report authored by Dr. Margaret Chan (Director-General, WHO) stated that “Nearly 2 billion people have no access to basic medicines, causing a cascade of preventable misery and suffering.” The current state of affairs in the developed world for those who are fortunate enough to have access to medical care, in some cases includes the burden of $1000 per dose, and from $100,000 to $1.21 million per year in individual drug expenditures alone.

What is Global Health Care Equivalency (GHCE)?

Looking ahead over the next 10-30 years, with the rapid emergence of, and synergies between, the disciplines of nanotechnology, nanomedicine, and AI, we can envisage a future world where any individual on the planet has access to the same advanced and cost effective nanomedical diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, no matter how wealthy or impoverished they are, no matter where they happen to reside, or under what conditions they live. Progress toward this goal will be incremental, with each successive wave of nanomedical technologies being more advanced than the previous wave. The tipping point will arrive with the emergence of Molecular Manufacturing (MM), http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/boehm20160115, which will make possible the cost effective fabrication of the classes of advanced autonomous nanomedical devices that Boehm describes in his first book: Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions. A situation may then well arise where the entire human population will finally come to realize the inalienable human right of optimal health for life through the establishment of a worldwide health care system under the moniker: “Global Health Care Equivalency” (GHCE). The details and vision for GHCE will be articulated in an upcoming book: Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency that is currently being generated by the originator of this concept (Frank Boehm – CEO of NanoApps Medical Incorporated) in collaboration with numerous thought leading authors.

 

Perceived Benefits of GHCE

The attainment of GHCE might serve to significantly reduce the perception of individuals in the developing world of being marginalized, at least in terms of health care, which may ultimately translate to conflict reduction. In the developed world, GHCE would serve to dramatically reduce health care expenditures across the board. Progress toward this goal will be incremental, with each successive wave of nanomedical technologies being more advanced than the previous wave. The tipping point will arrive with the emergence of Molecular Manufacturing (MM), http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/boehm20160115, which will make possible the cost effective fabrication of the types of advanced autonomous nanomedical devices that Boehm describes in his first book: Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions.

It is worth noting here that all nations on a global scale stand to benefit immensely when their citizens are healthy, as they would save hundreds of millions, if not billions of dollars in health-related expenditures, not to mention lost work hours and overall productivity, due to illness and its associated incapacities.

The core essence of GHCE is aptly conveyed in the thought below:

“In a world facing considerable uncertainty, international health development is a unifying – and uplifting – force for the good of humanity.”
Dr Chan, WHO Director-General

What is Molecular Manufacturing (MM)

The first mention of the possibility of MM emerged through the words of Dr. Richard Feynman in 1959, via his famous talk, “Plenty of Room at the Bottom”, where he spoke of the possibility of the controlled manipulation of matter at the atomic level. Dr. Eric Drexler described the remarkable capabilities that he envisioned for a conceptual molecular assembler in his 1986 book, Engines of Creation. In 2003, Chris Phoenix generated a paper that articulated the Design of a Primitive Nanofactory. Dr. Robert Freitas Jr. et al., have extensively investigated Diamond MechanoSynthesis and personalized Nanofactories from 2002 to the present.

Once MM is developed, it will have the capacity to fabricate just about any consumer item or food, as well as advanced autonomous nanomedical robots from elemental atoms and molecules, guided by AI-driven specifications. By virtue of these fundamental feed stocks, it will likely become very cost effective to fabricate (physician prescribed) nanomedical devices to address virtually any condition that ails us, in one’s own home, via Factory@Home (F@H) units, which might be manifest as countertop microwave-sized appliances that are extensively distributed worldwide. Concurrently, home based atomic and molecular “disassembly” units would be able to completely recycle, sort, and repackage practically any type of material according to its specific atomic and molecular species, which could again be used to supply the F@H units for fabrication.

Awaking the Dream

Although the attainment of GHCE would indeed be a truly extraordinary achievement, we must keenly recognize that in reality, such a massive undertaking on a global scale will require intense and sustained high spirited collaboration between like minded individuals who have widely varied backgrounds within diverse areas of expertise. Highly specialized laboratories, dynamic administrative institutions, regulatory bodies, and government agencies worldwide will also be vital prerequisites for its realization, as will significant resources and time. We are all amazing individuals, each with our own unique talents and expertise that might contribute and be applied to this noble enterprise. Our working together might culminate in a positive critical mass on a global scale toward the actual realization of GHCE, which would ultimately be of benefit for each and every one of us, as we are finally “all” supported in our natural human right of optimal health for life.

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January 9th, 2018|0 Comments

    Opportunity from Safernano Design and Law Graduate students can enroll for an intensive LAB TO MARKET TRAINING IN MAY 2018 Students will profit and benefit nicely from our Lab to Market [...]

Nanoparticle Designed to Destroy Harmful Viruses

January 8th, 2018|0 Comments

An international team of researchers has created new antiviral nanoparticles that show potential for outperforming current antiviral drugs. Current broad-spectrum antiviral drugs ward off viruses but don't actually destroy them, whereas the newly designed nanoparticles [...]

A Two-In-One Nanosystem to Combat Cancer and Drug Resistance

January 7th, 2018|0 Comments

Cancer is often referred to as “smart,” and this term often refers to the ability of these cells to proliferate without purpose or restraint. The ability of cancer cells to develop multidrug resistance (MDR), a [...]

Nano-medicine inhibits progression of pancreatic cancer

January 6th, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers have examined pancreatic cancer cells and discovered an inverse correlation between the signatures of miR-34a, a tumour suppressant, and PLK1, a known oncogene. The levels of miR-34a were low in pancreatic cancer mouse models, [...]

Macrophage nanosponges could keep sepsis in check

January 5th, 2018|0 Comments

A team of researchers at the University of California San Diego has developed macrophage “nanosponges” that can safely absorb and remove molecules from the bloodstream that are known to trigger sepsis. These macrophage nanosponges, which [...]

Physicists take first step toward cell-sized robots – Video

January 4th, 2018|0 Comments

  An electricity-conducting, environment-sensing, shape-changing machine the size of a human cell? Is that even possible? Cornell physicists Paul McEuen and Itai Cohen not only say yes, but they’ve actually built the “muscle” [...]

Carbon nanotubes devices may have a limit to how ‘nano’ they can be

January 3rd, 2018|0 Comments

Carbon nanotubes bound for electronics not only need to be as clean as possible to maximize their utility in next-generation nanoscale devices, but contact effects may limit how small a nano device can be, according [...]

Atomristor – memristor effect in atomically thin nanomaterials

January 2nd, 2018|0 Comments

In trying to bring brain-like (neuromorphic) computing closer to reality, researchers have been working on the development of memory resistors, or memristors, which are resistors in a circuit that 'remember' their state even if you [...]

Blockchains, Cryptoeconomics, and Emerging Technology Risks

December 30th, 2017|0 Comments

The recent rise in the value of BitCoin, whether a bubble or not, has stimulated great interest in the blockchain, and a recent opinion piece in the New York Times places it in the context [...]

Scientists Use Electron Microscopy to Study Magnetic Fields of Bacterial Cells and Nano-Objects

December 29th, 2017|0 Comments

A research team led by a scientist from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory has demonstrated for the first time that the magnetic fields of bacterial cells and magnetic nano-objects in liquid can be [...]

Fewer laboratory animals thanks to secondary nanobodies

December 27th, 2017|0 Comments

Antibodies are indispensable in biological research and medical diagnostics. However, their production is time-consuming, expensive, and requires the use of many animals. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen, Germany, have [...]

Nanowire device detects cancer with a urine test

December 26th, 2017|0 Comments

Cells communicate with each other through a number of different mechanisms. Some of these mechanisms are well-known: in animals, for example, predatory threats can drive the release of norepinephrine, a hormone that travels through the [...]

Plants that glow – Illumination from nanobionic plants might one day replace some electrical lighting

December 24th, 2017|0 Comments

Imagine that instead of switching on a lamp when it gets dark, you could read by the light of a glowing plant on your desk. MIT engineers have taken a critical first step toward making [...]

Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions – Discounted until Jan. 1 2018

December 23rd, 2017|0 Comments

  Features Explores and presents innovative nanotechnological and biomimetically derived strategies in the design of potential nanomedical devices and their constituents Contains several post-chapter Proposed Research Tasking Lists to facilitate the further investigation and [...]

Light-up specks find and track tiny tumors

December 22nd, 2017|0 Comments

Scientists have created a method to detect tiny tumors and track their spread using light-emitting nanoparticles. The technology could lead to earlier cancer detection, more precise treatments, and even improvement in patient cure rates and [...]

Fluorescent nanomedicine can guide tumor removal, kill remaining cancer cells

December 21st, 2017|0 Comments

Oregon State University scientists have developed a nanomedicine platform for cancer that can help doctors know which tissue to cut out as well as kill any malignant cells that can't be surgically removed. The platform [...]

DNA That Folds Like Origami Has Applications for Drug-Delivering Nanobots

December 20th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Kyree Leary at futurism.com: In 1953, a pair of scientists named James D. Watson and Francis H.C. Crick — with help from the data supplied by the research of another scientist, Rosalind Franklin, — successfully [...]

The Future of Nanomedicine – Dr Joy Wolfram at the HT Summit 2017

December 19th, 2017|0 Comments

  Dr Joy Wolfram from the Mayo Clinic explains how nanomedicine has the potential to change the way we treat disease. Filmed at the 2017 Hello Tomorrow Global Summit. Joy Wolfram, Ph.D., focuses [...]

Nanotubes go with the flow to penetrate brain tissue

December 19th, 2017|0 Comments

  Rice University researchers have invented a device that uses fast-moving fluids to insert flexible, conductive carbon nanotube fibers into the brain, where they can help record the actions of neurons. The Rice [...]

Researchers Use Single-Stranded DNA, RNA to Create Self-Assembling Nanostructures

December 17th, 2017|0 Comments

Nanotechnologists are making use of DNA, the genetic material that is present in living organisms, as well as its multifunctional counterpart RNA, as the raw material in attempts to design miniscule devices that could potentially [...]

Out With the Old? Blockchain Requires a New Regulatory Approach by Eva Kaili

December 17th, 2017|0 Comments

  The following article is an exclusive contribution to CoinDesk's 2017 in Review. Eva A. Kaili is a member of the European Parliament, where she chairs the Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) panel aimed at assessing [...]

3D nanoscale imaging made possible

December 16th, 2017|0 Comments

Imaging at the nanoscale is important to a plethora of modern applications in materials science, physics, biology, medicine and other fields. Limitations of current techniques are, e.g. their resolution, imaging speed or the inability to [...]

Nanoparticles as a solution against antibiotic resistance?

December 15th, 2017|0 Comments

Around one in 3,300 children in Germany is born with Mucoviscidosis. A characteristic of this illness is that one channel albumen on the cell surface is disturbed by mutations. Thus, the amount of water of [...]

Plasmonic biosensors enable development of new easy-to-use health tests

December 14th, 2017|0 Comments

Researchers at Aalto University, Finland, have developed a biosensor that enables creating a range of new easy-to-use health tests similar to home pregnancy tests (Advanced Materials, "Plasmonic Metaparticles on a Blackbody Create Vivid Reflective Colors [...]

Bacteria development marks new era in cellular design

December 13th, 2017|0 Comments

Scientists at the universities of Kent and Bristol have built a miniature scaffold inside bacteria that can be used to bolster cellular productivity, with implications for the next generation of biofuel production (Nature Chemical Biology, [...]

Wet plasma makes a nano-sized splash

December 12th, 2017|0 Comments

Silicon microelectronics and biomedical fields could benefit from a safe and cost-effective way to synthesize nanoparticles. Oil and water do not mix, but a KAUST team has exploited the distinct interfaces between these substances to [...]

Physicists excited by discovery of new form of matter- Excitonium

December 11th, 2017|0 Comments

Excitonium has a team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign... well... excited! Professor of Physics Peter Abbamonte and graduate students Anshul Kogar and Mindy Rak, with input from colleagues at Illinois, University [...]

Researchers use nanoparticles to target, kill endometrial cancer

December 10th, 2017|0 Comments

Tumor-targeting nanoparticles loaded with a drug that makes cancer cells more vulnerable to chemotherapy's toxicity could be used to treat an aggressive and often deadly form of endometrial cancer, according to new research by the [...]

Scientists channel graphene to understand filtration and ion transport into cells

December 9th, 2017|0 Comments

Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as [...]

Research team saves information on a single molecule

December 8th, 2017|0 Comments

Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have become ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists of [...]

Nanomaterials: How to separate linear and ring-shaped molecules

December 7th, 2017|0 Comments

The purely mathematical property – linear or circular – can have severe consequences in the world of materials. Since circular molecules lack any ends, which could serve as a starting point for degradation, they are [...]

Entangling biological systems – Does quantum mechanics play a role in biology?

December 6th, 2017|0 Comments

Nearly 75 years ago, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger wondered if the mysterious world of quantum mechanics played a role in biology. A recent finding by Northwestern University's Prem Kumar adds further evidence that the [...]

Programmable drug delivery platform combats diseased cells at genetic level

December 5th, 2017|0 Comments

A new drug delivery system that uses a synthetic-biological hybrid nanocapsule could provide a smart technology for targeted treatment of a variety of serious diseases at the genetic level. The hybrid offers a way to [...]

Using AFM to characterize cancer cells – An interview with Dr. Jim Gimzewski

December 4th, 2017|0 Comments

From news-medical.net sponsored by Bruker Nano Surfaces: Can you please give a brief introduction to your research characterizing cancer cells? My name is James Gimzewski and I am a distinguished professor at UCLA. I'm in the [...]

Scientists visualize structure of key DNA repair component with near-atomic resolution

December 3rd, 2017|0 Comments

Cells continuously replicate to repair and replace damaged tissue, and each division requires a reprinting of the cell's genetic blueprints. As the DNA duplicates, errors inevitably occur, resulting in damage that, if left unrepaired, can [...]

Graphene nano tweezers can grab individual biomolecules

December 2nd, 2017|0 Comments

Researchers from the University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering have found yet another remarkable use for the wonder material graphene—tiny electronic “tweezers” that can grab biomolecules floating in water with incredible efficiency. This [...]

New Method for Delivering Chemotherapy Nanodrugs Reduces Side-Effects

December 2nd, 2017|0 Comments

A new method for delivering chemotherapy nanodrugs capable of increasing the drugs’ bioavailability and reducing side-effects has been developed by Carnegie Mellon University researchers. Their study has been published online in Scientific Reports and it [...]

Biotemplates breakthrough paves way for cheaper nanobots

December 1st, 2017|0 Comments

A feature of science fiction stories for decades, nanorobot potential ranges from cancer diagnosis and drug delivery to tissue repair and more. A major hurdle to these endeavors, however, is finding a way to cheaply [...]

Researchers discover big cryptographic potential in nanomaterial

November 30th, 2017|0 Comments

The next generation of electronic hardware security may be at hand as researchers at New York University Tandon School of Engineering introduce a new class of unclonable cybersecurity security primitives made of a low-cost nanomaterial [...]

Nanosensor measures tension of tissue fibers

November 29th, 2017|0 Comments

Bacteria are able to attach themselves to tissue fibers with the aid of a ‘nano-adhesive’. Just how they achieve this was investigated a few years ago by Viola Vogel, Professor of Applied Mechanobiology, using computer [...]

Drug-delivering nanoparticles seek and destroy elusive cancer stem cells

November 28th, 2017|0 Comments

University of Illinois researchers are sending tiny drug-laden nanoparticles on a mission to seek and destroy cancer stem cells, the elusive and rare cells that can cause cancer to come back even when years have [...]

Nanotechnology in Medical Imaging

November 27th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article at azonano.com, written by Shelley Stoakes: Nanotechnology is currently being applied to innovative methods of medical imaging. The development of imaging at the nanoscale has the ability to enhance the field of [...]