Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency 2018-04-19T09:13:23+00:00

Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency

“Progress in medicine, global access to information and a global age pyramid that is already turning upside-down will increase the demand for good health care. This in turn will increase life expectancy and drive innovation. This re-enforcing circle will change societies’ views on health care. Whereas today it is seen as a cost that needs to be controlled — which slows down progress — it might become the global driving force of innovation and humanity, replacing other areas of public investment focus.”

Harald Stock, President & CEO, ArjoHuntleigh

Introduction

We are very fortunate indeed to be living at a time where the speed of advances in medical technologies is such that we can expect to live increasingly healthier and longer lives; far beyond what would ever have been imagined as possible only a century ago. However, in contrast to our natural inalienable human rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, our equally important right to good health (and by extension good health care), which is critical for all of us, is unfortunately either in disarray, dysfunctional, or completely neglected on a global scale.

The State of Health Care Today

A news item released on December 2017, by the World Health Organization (WHO) entitled: “World Bank and WHO: Half the world lacks access to essential health services, 100 million still pushed into extreme poverty because of health expenses”, reported that “800 million people spend at least 10 percent of their household budgets on health expenses for themselves, a sick child or other family member. For almost 100 million people these expenses are high enough to push them into extreme poverty, forcing them to survive on just $1.90 or less a day.” A 2017 report authored by Dr. Margaret Chan (Director-General, WHO) stated that “Nearly 2 billion people have no access to basic medicines, causing a cascade of preventable misery and suffering.” The current state of affairs in the developed world for those who are fortunate enough to have access to medical care, in some cases includes the burden of $1000 per dose, and from $100,000 to $1.21 million per year in individual drug expenditures alone.

What is Global Health Care Equivalency (GHCE)?

Looking ahead over the next 10-30 years, with the rapid emergence of, and synergies between, the disciplines of nanotechnology, nanomedicine, and AI, we can envisage a future world where any individual on the planet has access to the same advanced and cost effective nanomedical diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, no matter how wealthy or impoverished they are, no matter where they happen to reside, or under what conditions they live. Progress toward this goal will be incremental, with each successive wave of nanomedical technologies being more advanced than the previous wave. The tipping point will arrive with the emergence of Molecular Manufacturing (MM), http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/boehm20160115, which will make possible the cost effective fabrication of the classes of advanced autonomous nanomedical devices that Boehm describes in his first book: Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions. A situation may then well arise where the entire human population will finally come to realize the inalienable human right of optimal health for life through the establishment of a worldwide health care system under the moniker: “Global Health Care Equivalency” (GHCE). The details and vision for GHCE will be articulated in an upcoming book: Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency that is currently being generated by the originator of this concept (Frank Boehm – CEO of NanoApps Medical Incorporated) in collaboration with numerous thought leading authors.

 

Perceived Benefits of GHCE

The attainment of GHCE might serve to significantly reduce the perception of individuals in the developing world of being marginalized, at least in terms of health care, which may ultimately translate to conflict reduction. In the developed world, GHCE would serve to dramatically reduce health care expenditures across the board. Progress toward this goal will be incremental, with each successive wave of nanomedical technologies being more advanced than the previous wave. The tipping point will arrive with the emergence of Molecular Manufacturing (MM), http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/boehm20160115, which will make possible the cost effective fabrication of the types of advanced autonomous nanomedical devices that Boehm describes in his first book: Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions.

It is worth noting here that all nations on a global scale stand to benefit immensely when their citizens are healthy, as they would save hundreds of millions, if not billions of dollars in health-related expenditures, not to mention lost work hours and overall productivity, due to illness and its associated incapacities.

The core essence of GHCE is aptly conveyed in the thought below:

“In a world facing considerable uncertainty, international health development is a unifying – and uplifting – force for the good of humanity.”
Dr Chan, WHO Director-General

What is Molecular Manufacturing (MM)

The first mention of the possibility of MM emerged through the words of Dr. Richard Feynman in 1959, via his famous talk, “Plenty of Room at the Bottom”, where he spoke of the possibility of the controlled manipulation of matter at the atomic level. Dr. Eric Drexler described the remarkable capabilities that he envisioned for a conceptual molecular assembler in his 1986 book, Engines of Creation. In 2003, Chris Phoenix generated a paper that articulated the Design of a Primitive Nanofactory. Dr. Robert Freitas Jr. et al., have extensively investigated Diamond MechanoSynthesis and personalized Nanofactories from 2002 to the present.

Once MM is developed, it will have the capacity to fabricate just about any consumer item or food, as well as advanced autonomous nanomedical robots from elemental atoms and molecules, guided by AI-driven specifications. By virtue of these fundamental feed stocks, it will likely become very cost effective to fabricate (physician prescribed) nanomedical devices to address virtually any condition that ails us, in one’s own home, via Factory@Home (F@H) units, which might be manifest as countertop microwave-sized appliances that are extensively distributed worldwide. Concurrently, home based atomic and molecular “disassembly” units would be able to completely recycle, sort, and repackage practically any type of material according to its specific atomic and molecular species, which could again be used to supply the F@H units for fabrication.

Awaking the Dream

Although the attainment of GHCE would indeed be a truly extraordinary achievement, we must keenly recognize that in reality, such a massive undertaking on a global scale will require intense and sustained high spirited collaboration between like minded individuals who have widely varied backgrounds within diverse areas of expertise. Highly specialized laboratories, dynamic administrative institutions, regulatory bodies, and government agencies worldwide will also be vital prerequisites for its realization, as will significant resources and time. We are all amazing individuals, each with our own unique talents and expertise that might contribute and be applied to this noble enterprise. Our working together might culminate in a positive critical mass on a global scale toward the actual realization of GHCE, which would ultimately be of benefit for each and every one of us, as we are finally “all” supported in our natural human right of optimal health for life.

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April 19th, 2018|0 Comments

Frank Boehm (CEO of NanoApps Medical, Inc.) will be interviewed by Dr. Bob Hieronimus , host of 21st Century Radio in Baltimore, Maryland on Sunday, April, 29th from 8-10 pm EST. Dr. Bob and [...]

A Drug-Resistant Strain of Typhoid Is Going to Spread, Scientists Fear

April 18th, 2018|0 Comments

One more mutation, and the strain could become untreatable. The first “extensively drug-resistant” strain of typhoid is spreading through Pakistan, leaving scientists concerned about a deadly outbreak and the rise of other drug-resistant diseases. [...]

Scientists measure the energy levels of single molecules on insulators

April 17th, 2018|0 Comments

Our understanding of single-molecule electronics has become clearer and the answer involved using a common household item – salt. Building off of a previous paper in 2009 (Science, "Measuring the Charge State of an [...]

Mimicking nanoscale natural movements with the help of DNA origami

April 15th, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems together with researchers at the University of Heidelberg and the University of Stuttgart use a technique called DNA origami to mimic a multitude of vital [...]

Ray Kurzweil: In The 2030s, Nanobots In Our Brains Will Make Us ‘Godlike’

April 14th, 2018|0 Comments

Futurist and inventor Ray Kurzweil predicts humans are going to develop emotions and characteristics of higher complexity as a result of connecting their brains to computers. “We’re going to be funnier. We’re going [...]

Observing biological nanotransporters

April 13th, 2018|0 Comments

A research team of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) was able to describe with atomic detail how molecules are transported through biological membranes. Computer simulations and spectroscopic experiments provided insights into the work of so-called [...]

Nanoparticles for lung cancer pass next test

April 12th, 2018|0 Comments

The most common type of lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), continues to be difficult to treat, with five year survival rates of about 36 percent for stage 3A tumors. Jefferson College of [...]

Glance Technologies to Host Future of Blockchain Summit in Vancouver

April 11th, 2018|0 Comments

Glance Technologies Inc. (OTCQB: GLNNF) (CSE: GET) is pleased to announce The Future of Blockchain (glance.tech/blockchain), which is a full-day summit hosted by Glance taking place May 8th, 2018 in Vancouver BC. Blockchain, a [...]

Blockchain technology can transform healthcare: Expert

April 11th, 2018|0 Comments

Healthcare is one of the sectors that could immensely benefit from implementing block-chain technology, an expert said. Bahrain’s healthcare sector should look toward blockchain as a source of improvement in how it stores and [...]

Release of Virtual Humans film from Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC)

April 9th, 2018|0 Comments

Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) in the framework of CompBioMed H2020 Centre of Excellence in Computational Biomedicine, led by University College London, has produced a short film showing the possibilities of using High [...]

Five important biomedical technology breakthroughs

April 7th, 2018|0 Comments

Now you can build your own low-cost 3-D bioprinter by modifying a standard commercial desktop 3-D printer for under $500 — thanks to an open-source “LVE 3-D” design developed by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) [...]

Twisting laser light offers the chance to probe the nano-scale

April 5th, 2018|0 Comments

A new method to sensitively measure the structure of molecules has been demonstrated by twisting laser light and aiming it at miniscule gold gratings to separate out wavelengths. The technique could potentially be used [...]

Single-cell mRNA cytometry via sequence-specific nanoparticle clustering and trapping

April 4th, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers at the University of Toronto have developed a new technology for a “liquid biopsy” to identify which patients might not respond to standard therapy for prostate cancer before it is delivered. Prostate cancer [...]

The Opioid Epidemic – Addressing Pain in the 21st Century

April 4th, 2018|0 Comments

From an article published in My Authentic Life. Written by Dr. Krishnan V. Chakravarthy MD, PhD - Laboratory Head Chakravarthy Lab San Diego, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine UCSD Health and VA San [...]

Latest Nano-Positioning and Precision Motion Control Systems Display at Optics+Photonics

April 2nd, 2018|0 Comments

  Optics & Photonics is known as the premier show in North America for the latest advancements in optical engineering and applications, nanotechnology, sustainable energy, organic photonics, and astronomical instrumentation. In San [...]

Bacteria Coerced to 3D Print Nanocellulose Implants

March 31st, 2018|0 Comments

In a quest to make more realistic, safer, and personalizable tissue replacement implants, bacterial cellulose nanofibers are being looked on as a viable material. They are naturally biocompatible, biodegradable, withstand heat well, and have [...]

Sugar-coated nanosheets selectively target pathogens

March 30th, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers have developed a process for creating ultrathin, self-assembling sheets of synthetic materials that can function like designer flypaper in selectively binding with viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens. In this way the new platform, [...]

Dragonfly-inspired nanocoating kills bacteria upon contact

March 28th, 2018|0 Comments

Studies have shown that the wings of dragonflies and cicadas prevent bacterial growth due to their natural structure. The surfaces of their wings are covered in nanopillars making them look like a bed of [...]

HERMES for Direct Measurement of Temperature at Nanoscale

March 27th, 2018|0 Comments

A group of researchers headed by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has discovered an innovative method to find out the local temperature of a material from an area with a width [...]

2D materials for aerosolizable nanoelectronics

March 25th, 2018|0 Comments

Tiny floating robots could be useful in all kinds of ways, for example, to probe the human gut for disease or to search the environment for pollutants. In a step toward such devices, researchers [...]

CRISPR Can Now Hitch a Ride on Nanoparticles to Battle Disease

March 23rd, 2018|0 Comments

It started like any other day. Dr. Hao Yin walked into the lab at MIT, ready to check on his transgenic mice. He had no idea he was about to make history. Yin’s mice [...]

Scientists invented method of catching bacteria with ‘photonic hook’

March 23rd, 2018|0 Comments

An international research team discovered a new type of curved light beams, dubbed a "photonic hook". Photonic hooks are unique, as their radius of curvature is two times smaller than their wavelength. This [...]

Researchers discover new accuracies in cancer-fighting, nanomedicine drug delivery

March 22nd, 2018|0 Comments

A promising discovery for advanced cancer therapy reveals that the efficiency of drug delivery in DNA nanostructures depends on their shapes, say researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology and the University of Kansas. [...]

DARPA-funded ‘body on a chip’ microfluidic system could revolutionize drug evaluation

March 21st, 2018|0 Comments

MIT bioengineers have developed a new microfluidic platform technology that could be used to evaluate new drugs and detect possible side effects before the drugs are tested in humans. The microfluidic platform can connect 3D [...]

Nanofiber dressings heal wounds, promote regeneration

March 19th, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering have developed new wound dressings that dramatically accelerate healing and improve tissue regeneration. [...]

Nanospears deliver genetic material to cells with pinpoint accuracy

March 17th, 2018|0 Comments

In a step toward accelerating the production of new gene therapies, scientists report in ACS Nano ("Precision-Guided Nanospears for Targeted and High-Throughput Intracellular Gene Delivery") that they have developed remote-controlled, needle-like nanospears capable of piercing [...]

Building a better ion channel

March 16th, 2018|0 Comments

Artificial ion channels developed by A*STAR researchers could pave the way for new kinds of antibacterial agents and biomedical sensors (J. Am. Chem. Soc., "Combinatorial evolution of fast-conducting highly selective K+-channels via modularly tunable directional [...]

Novel nanocontainers for anticancer drug delivery on demand

March 15th, 2018|0 Comments

With the goal of minimizing the side effects of chemotherapy on healthy tissues, a team of researchers at the Center for Self-assembly and Complexity, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have developed novel nanocontainers [...]

Researchers from MIPT study a nanoscaffold for heart cells

March 13th, 2018|0 Comments

Biophysicists from MIPT have studied the structure of a nanofibrous scaffold, as well as its interaction with rat cardiac cells. The study, which is part of the research into heart tissue regeneration, revealed that cardiomyocytes — heart muscle cells — [...]

What are quantum computers and how do they work? WIRED explains

March 12th, 2018|0 Comments

From an article by Abigail Beall and Matt Reynolds at Wired UK: Google, IBM and a handful of startups are racing to create the next generation of supercomputers. Quantum computers, if they ever get started, [...]

Capturing brain signals with soft electronics

March 11th, 2018|0 Comments

Klas Tybrandt, principal investigator at the Laboratory of Organic Electronics at Linköping University, has developed new technology for long-term stable neural recording. It is based on a novel elastic material composite, which is biocompatible and [...]

Comparison shows value of DNA barcoding in selecting nanoparticles

March 10th, 2018|0 Comments

The first direct comparison of in vitro and in vivo screening techniques for identifying nanoparticles that may be used to transport therapeutic molecules into cells shows that testing in lab dishes isn't much help in [...]

New release – Global Health Impacts of Nanotechnology Law: A Tool for Stakeholder Engagement

March 8th, 2018|0 Comments

Small things add up: trillions of dollars of products applying nanotechnology have been marketed to consumers promising new medicines, strong packaging to protect goods from contamination, stronger eyelash mascara and long-lasting lipstick, construction materials for [...]

A treasure trove for nanotechnology experts

March 7th, 2018|0 Comments

2D materials, which consist of a few layers of atoms, may well be the future of nanotechnology. They offer potential new applications and could be used in small, higher-performance and more energy-efficient devices. 2D materials [...]

New synthetic molecule can kill five types of deadly drug-resistant superbugs

March 6th, 2018|0 Comments

An international research team led by the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) of the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) and IBM Research developed a synthetic molecule that can kill five deadly types [...]

Nanomedicine and Spaceflight

March 5th, 2018|0 Comments

Future nanomedical devices and systems will have strong potential to enable a broad range of aerospace and space applications. With further dimensional reductions in conjunction with the increased capabilities of nanoelectronics and artificial intelligence (AI), [...]

Controlled release of nanohydrogel from halloysite nanotubes

March 3rd, 2018|0 Comments

Since the early days of nanotechnology in medicine, nanocarriers – nanostructures that are used to transport therapeutic compounds inside living organisms – have been attracting the interest of researchers because of their great potential in [...]

Measuring deep-brain neurons’ electrical signals at high speed with light instead of electrodes

March 2nd, 2018|0 Comments

Researchers at MIT have developed a new approach to measure electrical activity deep in the brain: using light — an easier, faster, and more informative method than inserting electrodes. They’ve developed a new light-sensitive protein [...]

Metabolic modelling becomes three-dimensional

March 1st, 2018|0 Comments

An international research consortium has developed the first computer model to include 3D in the representation of human metabolic processes. To this end, the researchers integrated the three-dimensional structures of over 4,000 metabolic products, or [...]