Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine, and AI: Toward the Dream of Global Health Care Equivalency

 

“Progress in medicine, global access to information and a global age pyramid that is already turning upside-down will increase the demand for good health care. This in turn will increase life expectancy and drive innovation. This re-enforcing circle will change societies’ views on health care. Whereas today it is seen as a cost that needs to be controlled — which slows down progress — it might become the global driving force of innovation and humanity, replacing other areas of public investment focus.”

Harald Stock, President & CEO, ArjoHuntleigh

 

 

Global Health Care Equivalency (GHCE) and Molecular Manufacturing (MM)

It is envisaged that nanomedicine, beyond the amazing possibilities that may materialize over the next 10-30 years toward advanced diagnostic and therapeutic capacities, might have a far more extensive role than to supplant existing medical technologies and procedures. The larger picture might be manifest via the emergence of a momentous paradigm shift that will have the potential capacity to dramatically transform the entire medical domain, through what is referred to as “Global Health Care Equivalency” (GHCE), where any individual on the planet may have access to the same advanced and cost effective nanomedical diagnostic and therapeutic technologies, no matter where they happen to reside, or under what conditions they live.

The attainment of GHCE might serve to significantly reduce the perception of individuals in the developing world of being marginalized, at least in terms of health care, which may ultimately translate to conflict reduction. In the developed world, GHCE would serve to dramatically reduce health care expenditures across the board. Synergies between nanotechnology, nanomedicine, and AI may enable this vision on a global scale. Progress toward this goal will be incremental, with each successive wave of nanomedical technologies being more advanced than the previous wave. The tipping point will arrive with the emergence of Molecular Manufacturing (MM), http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/boehm20160115, which will make possible the cost effective fabrication of the classes of advanced autonomous nanomedical devices that Boehm describes in his first book: Nanomedical Device and Systems Design: Challenges, Possibilities, Visions.

NanoApps Medical keenly recognizes that such a massive undertaking on a global scale will require intense and sustained high spirited collaboration between like minded individuals having widely varied backgrounds with diverse areas of expertise. Myriad research labs, institutions, regulatory bodies, and government agencies worldwide will also be vital prerequisites for its realization, as will significant resources and time. All of us are amazing individuals, each with our own unique talents and expertise that might contribute and be applied to this noble enterprise. Our working together will likely culminate in a global movement toward the actual realization of GHCE, which will ultimately be of benefit toward optimal health for each and every one of us.

NanoApps Medical strongly believes that the way forward to GHCE lies in the incremental and steady development of the tools that will get us there. These will include concentrated efforts toward progress in nanotechnology, nanomedicine, and AI, as well as the identification and implementation of intricate synergies between them. Initial questions to pose might begin with just how we envisage that GHCE would actually operate in the real world, taking multiple factors into account, including altered economics, job displacement, population (e.g., people will be much healthier for much longer… how will this impact society, education, work, energy, water, food production, the environment, etc…). Would there subsequently be a significant increase in collaboration among nations toward the development of a robust global space program to begin relocating willing pioneers/colonists toward seeding the solar system with humanity (commencing with Lunar and Mars colonies) and eventually, beyond, to exoplanets and deep space? On this note, the drive for the development of nanotechnologies and nanomedicine for space applications (e.g., to facilitate future human missions to the Moon and Mars) might serve to expedite the emergence of GHCE, as myriad space-developed technologies have typically filtered down to benefit all of humanity for terrestrial applications here on Earth.

This is also where MM blends in, as of itself, it would at a fundamental level, facilitate the transition to completely new social, industrial, energy, transportation, manufacturing, etc. paradigms, via personalized “Factory at Home” (FaH) systems. Through GHCE, we will essentially be proposing a completely new medical paradigm across the board, encompassing and changing virtually all existing infrastructures. For example, under a mature nanomedically enabled GHCE system will there still be the requirement of large hospitals, hospital beds, attending nurses, etc.? Since virtually all nanomedical procedures would be exponentially less invasive (in stark contrast to today’s standards, save for traumatic accidental injuries), significantly more rapid and efficacious, might they all be done on an outpatient basis within walk in clinics? Minor procedures could also be done in the comfort of one’s own home.

Infections due to surgical incisions would also be dramatically reduced or negated, as all scheduled nanosurgeries would be accomplished in vivo without having to breach the skin, which has the potential for exposing the patient to pathogenic microorganisms. Indeed, with the advent of sophisticated autonomous nanomedical devices, invasive surgeries would likely become obsolete, being replaced by nanorobotic surgical “teems” (as in teeming); there would likely be from many thousands to millions of nanodevices working in unison to conduct internal surgeries down to cellular resolution, as well as DNA editing or replacement, if deemed necessary. Further, any infectious diseases, cancers, exposure to toxins etc, would be almost instantaneously eradicated via “sentinel class” nanomedical devices that would imperceptibly patrol the human body, on a full time basis, to serve as a very robust immune system enhancement. Hence, there would be no requirement for hospital stays, as these pathogens, mutations, toxic agents, etc. would be quickly identified and nullified “on the fly” long before they have the opportunity to proliferate.

The potent technologies behind GHCE and MM would, no doubt, initiate far-reaching paradigm shifts on many fronts, even for the developed world, as it would involve the emergence of an entirely new health care system, from top to bottom. Further, MM would drive many other societal changes through the increased adoption of FaH systems, whereby individuals could fabricate just about any type of consumer product, ranging from toothbrushes, to running shoes, to nutritious gourmet foods, to advanced solar collectors and batteries, to sophisticated (prescribed) nanomedical devices, etc., as well as the components for the fabrications of additional MM systems.

One facet of the eventual (hypothetical) implementation of GHCE pertains to the adoption of inclusion as a strategy for minimizing resistance to significant change. Large pharmaceutical corporations, for example, would not necessarily go out of business, in fact, their businesses might expand immensely. With the emergence of advanced nanomedical diagnostic and therapeutic devices, expensive drugs would also likely become relegated to obsolescence, and thus, the demand for them would evaporate. As NanoApps states, “Optimal health, for life…it is the best that we can hope for, and is of vital importance for each one of us. Imagine a world in which invasive surgery is obsolete, where $1000 per dose drugs, and from $100,000 to $1.21 million per year in individual drug expenditures (alone) no longer exist. Imagine a world where families no longer have to forfeit their life savings to gain access to desperately needed top tier healthcare.”

Since pharmaceutical giants possess huge infrastructures that are already in place, they might, in the future, be adapted to the generation and distribution of advanced nanomedical devices and systems. From a business perspective; rather than having hundreds of millions of customers for the drugs that they currently produce, their market would (with the onset of GHCE and MM) be the entire population of the planet! Through the emergence of MM, advanced nanomedical diagnostic and therapeutic devices might be mass produced very cheaply, as the raw materials would be atoms and molecules. Hence, a significant profit might still be made due to the vastly expanded demographic. They would be selling very cheap, albeit highly advanced nanomedical devices; however, with every person on Earth as their market.

As stated above, invasive surgeries would also likely become a thing of the past, as anything that ails us might be rapidly addressed by legions of administered autonomous nanomedical devices. This does not mean, however, that physicians and surgeons would become unemployed. They would simply be working with a different and far more sophisticated set of tools. Health assessments would still need to be made and prescriptions would still be needed to be given. Beyond the medical realm, there would be entirely new industries built around the processing and distribution of the required atomic and molecular feedstock’s that would be required for the operation of the FaH units. At the opposite end of the spectrum, another set of industries dedicated to the disassembly and recycling of materials and wastes down to their molecular and atomic constituents would be born.

 

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May 20th, 2017|0 Comments

Researchers at MIT, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory have devised a way to wirelessly power small electronic devices that can linger in the digestive tract indefinitely after being swallowed. Such [...]

This Robot Can Complete a 2-Hour Brain Surgery Procedure in Just 2.5 Minutes

May 20th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article at sciencealert.com: Brain surgery is precision business, and one slip can spell doom for affected patients. Even in one of the most skilled jobs in the world, human error can still be [...]

NASA probes have spotted a man-made bubble surrounding Earth

May 18th, 2017|0 Comments

From News Corp Australia Network: NASA scientists have revealed the presence of a huge man-made bubble that’s surrounding the Earth. But it’s not some Russian plot or the effect of nuclear fallout, they have reassured [...]

Mobile Health Takes on a New Challenge: Diagnosing Cervical Cancer

May 16th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Vanessa Bates Ramirez at singularityhub.com: Technology’s role in modern healthcare is growing. Artificial intelligence is being used for mental health, and smartphones can use add-ons to do things we never would have imagined [...]

Are We About to Unlock the Secrets to Peak Performance?

May 16th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Alison E. Berman at singularityhub.com: “How many surf bums who can’t keep a job washing dishes will be up at 5 AM putting on a gritty, sandy wetsuit to paddle out in [...]

Emerging technologies: How can you cut through the noise?

May 14th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Mark-Lillie: Technology leaders need to focus the raw potential of emerging technology into a set of priorities with measurable, tangible business impacts Technology has moved far beyond desktop devices and software [...]

Accelerationism: how a fringe philosophy predicted the future we live in

May 12th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article in The Guardian by Andy Beckett: The world is changing at dizzying speed – but for some thinkers, not fast enough. Is accelerationism a dangerous idea or does it speak to our [...]

Amazon Jeff Bezos “Artificial Intelligence is Renaissance to Technology, Business and Society.”

May 10th, 2017|0 Comments

  May 9 2017 Amazon founder Jeff Bezos discuss Amazon's Artificial Intelligence strategies to do business.   Recent News  

Will The Third Industrial Revolution Create An Economic Boom That Saves The Planet?

May 9th, 2017|0 Comments

  Jeremy Rifkin’s thinking about how to build a clean-energy powered, automation-filled future is inspiring major infrastructure plans in Europe and China. Can his new Vice documentary convince American business leaders to buy [...]

35 years of American Death

May 7th, 2017|0 Comments

Researchers have long argued that where we live can help predict how we die. But how much our location affects our health is harder to say, because death certificates, the primary source for mortality data, [...]

Techly Explains: Who owns the moon?

May 5th, 2017|0 Comments

  From an article by  Stefan Kostarelis: Unless you are a conspiracy theorist, you accept that on July 20, 1969, we put men on the moon. According to NASA, at 10:56pm (EDT), Neil [...]

Time Crystals Could be the Key to the First Quantum Computer

May 2nd, 2017|0 Comments

It’s been proven that time crystals do in fact exist. Two different teams of researchers created some time crystals just recently, one of which was from the University of Maryland and the other from Harvard [...]

Video: Graphene Could Solve the World’s Water Crisis

April 30th, 2017|0 Comments

  Turning saltwater into clean drinking water is an expensive, energy-intensive process, but could the wonder material graphene make it more accessible? Graphene-oxide membranes have attracted considerable attention as promising candidates for new [...]

You Should Appreciate Germs by Bill Gates

April 28th, 2017|0 Comments

From a blog post by Bill Gates on thegatesnotes.com: I’ve been perpetuating a misconception. When I give talks about global health, I typically speak about microbes as threats we need to wipe off the map. [...]

Could a new approach to kill cancer at nanoscale work?

April 27th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by David Cox: A laser weapons physicist has come up with a novel treatment for the disease – blowing up the cancer cells in infinitely small explosions. In a small laboratory, not [...]

EuroNanoForum 2017 21 – 23 June 2017, Valletta, Malta

April 26th, 2017|0 Comments

EuroNanoForum 2017 will focus on how nano and materials technologies can strengthen competitiveness across all European industries. The discussion will also extend to framework conditions such as education, standards, regulations, IPR and safety issues, as [...]

Nanoparticles remain unpredictable

April 24th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Fabio Bergamin at phys.org: The way that nanoparticles behave in the environment is extremely complex. There is currently a lack of systematic experimental data to help understand them comprehensively, as ETH [...]

Elon Musk launches Neuralink, a venture to merge the human brain with AI

April 22nd, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Nick Statt @nickstatt: SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk is backing a brain-computer interface venture called Neuralink, according to The Wall Street Journal. The company, which is still in the earliest [...]

3D-Printing of glass now possible

April 22nd, 2017|0 Comments

From an article at nanowerknews.com: Three-dimensional printing allows extremely small and complex structures to be made even in small series. A method developed at the KIT for the first time allows also glass to be [...]

Bill Gates: Terrorists could wipe out 30 million people by weaponising a disease like smallpox

April 20th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Sarah Knapton: A bioterrorist attack which could wipe out 30 million people is becoming increasingly likely because it is easier than ever to create and spread deadly pathogens, Bill Gates has [...]

14th Congress of the Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics (SBMT), Millennium Biltmore Hotel, LA (April, 18-20, 2017)

April 19th, 2017|0 Comments

  From Frank Boehm, NanoApps Medical Inc. CEO: I'm attending the 14th Congress of the Annual Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics (SBMT), at the Millennium Biltmore Hotel in LA (April, 18-20, 2017). This is [...]

Columbia engineers invent method to control light propagation in waveguides

April 19th, 2017|0 Comments

A team of Columbia Engineering researchers, led by Applied Physics Assistant Professor Nanfang Yu, has invented a method to control light propagating in confined pathways, or waveguides, with high efficiency by using nano-antennas. To demonstrate [...]

Genetic Circuits Target Cells For Boolean Logic And Arithmetic

April 18th, 2017|0 Comments

From a article by Milla Bengtsson: A new platform offers a fast and more efficient way to target and program mammalian cells as genetic circuits, even complex ones. Wilson Wong, professor of biomedical engineering at [...]

Broadband expansion could trigger dangerous surge in space junk

April 17th, 2017|0 Comments

Increase in orbital traffic from thousands of communications satellites could lead to 50% rise in catastrophic crashes, says study. Plans to launch “mega constellations” of thousands of communications satellites to allow for global wireless internet [...]

Graphene is the key to tougher flexible OLED displays

April 16th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Jon Fingas, @jonfingas: You can already find flexible displays in your phone or smartwatch, but there's a good reason you don't find them everywhere: the transparent electrodes in many OLED screens [...]

A battery prototype powered by atmospheric nitrogen

April 15th, 2017|0 Comments

As the most abundant gas in Earth’s atmosphere, nitrogen has been an attractive option as a source of renewable energy. But nitrogen gas—which consists of two nitrogen atoms held together by a strong, triple covalent [...]

Wolbachia Genes For Combating Mosquito-borne Disease Identified

April 14th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Dan Modano at reliawire.com: The specific genes that than enable the parasite called Wolbachia to infect insects by hijacking their reproduction have been identified by teams of biologists from Vanderbilt and [...]

‘Neuron-reading’ nanowires could accelerate development of drugs for neurological diseases

April 12th, 2017|0 Comments

A team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego has developed nanowires that can record the electrical activity of neurons in fine detail. The new nanowire technology could one day serve as [...]

Graphene in 2017: The Story So Far January – April

April 11th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Benedette Cuffari at Azonano.com: In October 2004, University of Manchester’s Andre Geim, along with his colleague Kostya Novoselov, published their discovery that when a block of graphite is broken down to [...]

New study suggests the expansion of the universe is not driven by dark energy

April 9th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article written by Nick Whigham: The mysterious force known as dark energy is thought to be responsible for the runaway expansion of the universe but a new study suggests it could just be [...]

Graphene-based sieve turns seawater into drinking water

April 7th, 2017|0 Comments

A UK-based team of researchers has created a graphene-based sieve capable of removing salt from seawater. The sought-after development could aid the millions of people without ready access to clean drinking water. The promising graphene [...]

‘Flying saucer’ quantum dots hold secret to brighter, better lasers

April 6th, 2017|0 Comments

From nanowerk.com: Fresh insights into living cells, brighter video projectors and more accurate medical tests are just three of the innovations that could result from a new way of fabricating lasers. The new method, developed [...]

Tethered nanoparticles make tumor cells more vulnerable

April 5th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article at nanowerk.com: MIT researchers have devised a way to make tumor cells more susceptible to certain types of cancer treatment by coating the cells with nanoparticles before delivering drugs. By tethering hundreds of [...]

Seven reasons we’re at more risk than ever of a global pandemic

April 4th, 2017|0 Comments

It could take just one cough, one kiss, one touch or even one bite to change not only your life, but the lives of everyone around you -- and for months or even years. In [...]

Artificial Intelligence – Separating Fact From (Science) Fiction

April 4th, 2017|0 Comments

Posted by B&T Magazine: In his latest post, B&T’s regular scribe and industry contrarian Robert Strohfeldt, takes a look at the latest artificial intelligence (AI) fad and warns that agencies, if history serves, shouldn’t place all their faith [...]

Nano-Scale Materials Could Shield Devices From Extreme Environments in Space

April 4th, 2017|0 Comments

Surface conditions on Venus feature sulfuric acid rains, atmospheric pressure 92 times greater than on Earth, and temperatures topping nearly 900 degrees Fahrenheit — twice as hot as a conventional oven. In such an unforgiving [...]

Rampant use of antibacterial nanosilver is a resistance risk

April 3rd, 2017|0 Comments

Researchers at the University of Technology Sydney warn that the broad-spectrum antimicrobial effectiveness of silver is being put at risk by the widespread and inappropriate expansion of nanosilver use in medical and consumer goods. As [...]

Do you understand the risks of technological progress?

April 2nd, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Aengus Collins Practice Lead, Global Risks, World Economic Forum: Any change can be unsettling, but changes as profound as those being unleashed by the current phase of technological development – known [...]

China’s secret plan to crush SpaceX and the US space program

April 1st, 2017|0 Comments

China's breakneck economic expansion may be flagging, but the country's ambitions in space show no signs of slowing down. Alongside ongoing efforts to rival NASA by placing robotic landers, and eventually astronauts, on the moon [...]

Elon Musk’s Billion-Dollar Crusade to Stop the A.I. Apocalypse

March 30th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Maureen Dowd at vanityfair.com: Elon Musk is famous for his futuristic gambles, but Silicon Valley’s latest rush to embrace artificial intelligence scares him. And he thinks you should be frightened too. [...]

Podcast: How Artificial Intelligence Creates New Job Opportunities

March 29th, 2017|0 Comments

From a post by Alex Knapp at forbes.com: There's no shortage of discussion about how artificial intelligence and improved automation will disrupt the job market, with many concerned that it will mean that they're out [...]

New platform for culturing stem cells

March 28th, 2017|0 Comments

From an article at phys.org: A team of researchers in Japan has developed a new platform for culturing human pluripotent stem cells that provides far more control of culture conditions than previous tools by using [...]

Light-controlled gearbox for nanomachines

March 27th, 2017|0 Comments

Rewarded with a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2016, nanomachines provide mechanical work on the smallest of scales. Yet at such small dimensions, molecular motors can complete this work in only one direction. Researchers from [...]

Molecular motor-powered biocomputers

March 26th, 2017|0 Comments

Crashing computers or smartphones and software security holes that allow hackers to steal millions of passwords could be prevented if it were possible to design and verify error-free software. Unfortunately, to date, this is a [...]

A bio-inspired gel material could help engineers control movements of soft robots

March 24th, 2017|0 Comments

From nanowerk.com: A new material that naturally adapts to changing environments was inspired by the strength, stability, and mechanical performance of the jaw of a marine worm. The protein material, which was designed and modeled [...]

Epigenetic Clock – Changes to DNA predict life expectancy

March 23rd, 2017|0 Comments

From an article by Elaine Schmidt: Why do some people lead a perfectly healthy lifestyle yet still die young? A new international study suggests that the answer lies in our DNA. The findings are published [...]

Silicon Valley is no longer #1 for talent says global startup report

March 22nd, 2017|0 Comments

There’s no cooler biz on the planet than startups, and there’s no denying Silicon Valley is the startups capital of the world… for now. Cities all over the world are vying to knock the crown [...]

Tethered nanoparticles make tumor cells more vulnerable

March 21st, 2017|0 Comments

From nanowerk.com:   MIT researchers have devised a way to make tumor cells more susceptible to certain types of cancer treatment by coating the cells with nanoparticles before delivering drugs. By tethering hundreds of nanoparticles [...]